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Wildflowers - Flora

Wildflowers of Provence and the Alpes


 Flora photo cistusincanus0010b.jpg

Provencal Wildflowers are described with over a hundred and fifty individual flower pages, supported by our own photos. Listed alphabetically by the English name also displays the Latin name and the French name.

Wildflowers | Blue | Purple | Red | White | Yellow | Orchids | Trees | Flora Terms |

Because the ice-age glaciers did not reach the Mediterranean area, many plants failed to spread northward with the retreating ice as occurred throughout the rest of Europe. This has resulted in leaving many species unique to specific locations within this region.

The Mediterranean heat in the South of France is also the source of the perfume industry (with the town of Grasse being the "perfume capital of the world". The indigenous plants concentrate their oils as a protection againt the heat, providing the highly-scented nectar that results in hundreds of perfumed products.

Click on column heading (below) for sorting by column in English, French or Latin.

Flowers (English) Fleurs (French) Latin
Adenostyles Leucophylla Adénostyle à feuilles blanches Adenostyles leucophylla; Cacalia leucophylla
Anemone Alpina Anémone des Alpes Pulsatilla alpina, Anemone alpina
Anemone Hortensis Anémone des jardins Anemone hortensis
Anemone, Peacock Anémone écarlate Anenone pavonina
Aphyllanthes Aphyllanthe de Montpellier Aphyllanthes monspeliensis
Asphodel, Common Asphodèle Asphodelus aestivus
Aster Sedifolius Aster Sedifolius Aster sedifolius
Broom, Cytisus Villosus Cytise à trois fleurs Cytisus villosus
Broom, Spanish Genêt d'Espagne Spartium junceum
Broomrape Orobanche crénelée Orobanche crenata, Orobanche alba
Bulbocodium Vernum Bulbocodium Vernum Bulbocodium vernum
Cade, Prickly Juniper Genévrier Cade Juniperus oxycedrus
Calamint Large-Flowered Calament à grandes fleurs Calamintha grandiflora
Candytuft Evergreen Ibéris toujours vert Iberis sempervirens
Cardamine Seven-Leaf Cardamine à sept feuilles Cardamine heptaphylla
Catchfly Dark Silène brun-verdâtre Silene fuscata
Catchfly Italian Silène d'italie Silene italica
Celandine Lesser Ficaire Ficaria verna
Centaury, Common Petite centaurée commune Centaurium erythraea
Chardon Bleu des Alpes Chardon Bleu des Alpes Eryngium alpinum
Chicory Chicorée sauvge Cichorium intybus
Cistus, Grey-Leaved Ciste cotonneux Cistus albidus
Cistus, Narrow-Leaved Ciste de Montpellier Cistus monspeliensis
Cistus, Sage-Leaved Ciste à feuilles de Sauge Cistus salvifolius
Clary Sauge Salvia sclarea
Clover, Star Trèfle étoilé Trifolium stellatum
Colombine, Alpine Ancolie des Alpes Aquilegia alpina
Corydale, Hollow Corydale à bulbe creux Corydalis cava
Cowslip Primevère officinale Primula veris
Crocus, Autumn Colchique d'automne Colchicum autumnale
Crocus, Nudiflorus Crocus nudiflorus Crocus nudiflorus
Crocus, Versicolor Crocus versicolor Crocus versicolor
Curry Plant Immortelle Helichrysum stoechas
Daphne Verlottii Daphne Verlottii Daphne verlottii
DeadNettle Lamier du Mont Gargano Lamium garganicum
Euphrasia Minima Euphraise naine Euphrasia minima
Fern Fougère Pteridium aquilinum
Fern, Woodland Fougère Polypodium cambricum; P. australe; P. vulgare
Fire Thorn Buisson ardent Pyracantha coccinea
Flax, Beautiful Lin de Narbonne Linum narbonense
Flora Terms
Flora Terms French
Fritillaris Fritillaire Fritillaria
Fumitory, Common Fumeterre Officinale Fumaria officinalis
Fumitory, Ramping Fumeterre Grimpante Fumaria capreolata
Gentian, Spotted Gentiane ponctuée Gentiana punctata
Gentianella Ciliata Gentiane ciliée Gentianella ciliata
Geranium, Cranes Bill Géranium Sanguin Geranium sanguineum
Geranium, Dovesfoot Géranium à feuilles molles Geranium molle
Geranium, Herb Robert Herbe-à-Robert Geranium robertianum
Geranium, nodosum Géranium noueux Geranium nodosum
Geranium, Purple Géranium pourpre Geranium robertianum purpureum
Geranium, Storksbill Bec-de-grue Erodium cicutarium
Geranium, Wood Cranesbill Géranium des bois Geranium sylvaticum
Giant Reed Canne de Provence, Roseau-à-Quenouille Arundo donax
Gladiolus, Field Glaîeul italicus Gladiolus italicus
Gorse Ajonc Ulex eropaeus
Gorse, Spanish Genêt d'Espagne Genista hispanica
Gromwell, Purple Grémil Bleu Pourpre Buglossoides purpurocaerulea
Harebell Campanule à feuilles rondes Campanula rotundifolia
Harebell, Broad-leaved Campanule rhomboïdale Campanula rhomboidalis
Heath Tree Bruyère Arborescente Erica arborea
Honeysuckle Chèvrefeuille des Baléares Lonicera implexa
Honeysuckle, Etruscan Chèvrefeuille d'Etrurie Lonicera etrusca
Hyacinth, Grape Muscari à grappe Muscari neglectum
Hyacinth, Tassel Muscari à Toupet Muscari comosum
Iris Lutescens Petit Iris Iris lutescens
Iris, Pallida Iris Pallida Iris pallida
Iris, Stinking Iris gigot Iris foetidissima
Jasmine, Wild Jasmin Jasminum fruticans
Kaki, Parsimmon Plaqueminier Diospyros kaki
Knapweed, Brown-Rayed Centaurée de montagne; Centaurée jacée Centaurea jacea
Lavatera, Thuringiaca Lavatera thuringiaca Lavatera thuringiaca
Lavatera, Tree Lavatera olbia Lavatera olbia
Lavender Flowers Lavande Lavendula
Lavender, French Lavande à toupet (Lavande Stéchade) Lavendula stoechas
Lavender, True Lavendula angustifolia
House Leek, Common Joubarbe des toits Sempervivum tectorum
Lentisc, Mastic Lentisque; Pistachier lentisque Pistacia lentiscus
Leuzia Conifera Leuzia Leuzia conifera
Liverwort Hépatique à Trois Lobes Hepatica triloba; Hepatica nobilis
Lotus, Sacred Lotus sacré; Lotus des Indes Nelumbo nucifera
Love-in-a-Mist Nigelle Nigella damascena
Lungwort Pulmonaire officinale Pulmonaria officinalis
Mallow, Common Mauve Sylvestre Malva sylvestris (M. erecta, M. mauritiana)
Marigold Field Souci des champs Calendula arvensis
Milkwort, Nicean Polygala Polygala de Nice Polygala nicaeensis
Myosotis Alpestris Myosotis des Alpes Myosotis alpestris
Orchid Bee Orchis abeille Ophrys apifera; Ophrys scolopax; ssp. apiformis
Orchid Bee Sombre Ophrys fusca Ophrys fusca
Orchid, Burnt Orchis brûlé Orchis ustulata
Orchid, Early Purple Orchis mâle Orchis mascula (Subspecies: olbiensis)
Orchid, Elder-flowered orchis à odeur de sureau Dactylorhiza sambucina
Orchid, Fuchs Orchis de Fuchs Dactylorhiza fuchsii
Orchid, Giant Orchis Géant Barlia robertiana
Orchid, Green-Winged Orchis bouffon Orchis morio
Orchid, Heart-Flowered Sérapias à languette Serapias cordigera
Orchid, Long-Spurred Orchis à long éperon Orchis longicornu
Orchid, Pyramidal Orchis pyramidal Anacamptis pyramidalis
Pea - Lathyrus Setifolius Gesse Lathyrus setifolius
Peony, Common Pivoine Paeonia officinalis
Peony, Mascula Pivoine mâle Paeonia mascula
Peony, Peregrina Pivoine de montagne Paeonia peregrina
Periwinkle, Greater Pervenche, Grande Vinca major
Periwinkle, Lesser Pervenche, Petite Vinca minor
Pink, Ameria Oeillet arméria Dianthus armeria
Pink, Clusterhead Oeillet des Chartreux Dianthus carthusianorum
Pink, Peacock-Eye Oeillet oeil de paon Dianthus pavonius
Pink, Woodland Oeillet sauvage Dianthus sylvestris
Poppy Coquelicot Papaver rhoeas
Potentilla Hirta Potentille rampante Potentilla hirta; P. reptans
Primrose Primevère acaule Primula vulgaris
Grey Ragwort Séneçon blanchâtre Senecio incanus
Rampion, Blue-Spiked Raiponce à feuilles de bétoine Phyteuma betonicifolium
Rhododendron Rubigenous Laurier rose des Alpes Rhododendron Ferrugineux
White Rockrose Hélianthème des Apennins Helianthemum apenninum
Rose, Dog Rosier des Chiens Rosa canina
Sandwort Moehringie ciliée Moehringie ciliata
Saxifrage, Meadow Saxifrage granulée; Casse-pierre Saxifraga granulata
Securigera Securidaca Securigera Securidaca Securigera securidaca
Self-Heal Brunelle commune Prunella vulgaris
Serratula Serratule Serratula cichoracea
Smoke Tree Fustet; Arbre à perruque Cotinus coggygria
Soldanella Alpina Soldanelle des Alpes Soldanella alpina
Speedwell, Grey Field Véronique luisante Veronica polita
Cypress Spurge Euphorbe Euphorbia cyparissias
Mediterranean Spurge Euphorbia characias Euphorbia characias
Spiny Spurge Euphorbe Euphorbia spinosa; E. acanthothamnos
Sun Spurge Euphorbe Réveille-Matin Euphorbia helioscopia
Autumn Squill Scille autumnalis Scilla autumnalis
Hyacinthoides Squill Scille hyacinthoides Scilla hyacinthoides
Peruviana Squill Scille Scilla peruviana
Spring Squill Scille printanière Scilla verna
Star of Bethlehem Ornithogale en ombelle Ornithogalum umbellatum
Stork's-Bill, Common Erodium Bec-de-grue Erodium cicutarium
Strawberry Tree Arbousier Arbutus unedo
Thistle, Globe Oursin Bleu Echinops ritro
Thistle, Scotch Pêt d'âne d'Illyrie Onopordum illyricum
Tulip Australis Wild Tulipa Australis Tulipa australis
Valerian, Narrow-Leaved Valériane angustifolius Centranthus angustifolius
Valerian, Red Centranthe rouge Centranthus ruber
Vetch, Kidney Anthyllis vulnéraire Anthyllis vulneraria
Vetch, Milk Astragale de Montpellier Astragalus monspessulanus
Violet, Dog Violette des Chiens Viola canina
Violet, Shrubby Violette ligneuse Viola arborescens
Violet, Sweet Violette Odorante Viola odorata
Willowherb, Rose-Bay Epilobium angustifolium Epilobium angustifolium
Woad Pastel des teinturiers Isatis tinctoria

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