Because the ice-age glaciers did not reach the Mediterranean area, many plants failed to spread northward with the retreating ice as occurred throughout the rest of Europe. This has resulted in leaving many species unique to specific locations within this region.
Provencal Wildflowers are described with well over a hundred individual flower pages, supported by our own photos.
English Name Index
Latin Name Index
French Name Index
Our wildflower index pages include a small color-flag for each flower, to help you identify them easier.
Once you're on an individual wildflower page, you can Scroll Through the Flowers, forward or backward in alphabetical order, without returning to an index page.
[ Lavender Fields - Late June to mid October ]
Our Trees of Provence section includes about a dozen pages for individual trees, with the various oaks and the different pines grouped into a single page for each.
Our Index of Trees does, however, provide a good translation guide for the French and English names of all the trees.
Beyond's Provencal Wildflower Thumbnails have a separate page if images for the following color groups:
White groups our white and pale pink wildflowers.
Purple is the purple group, with some borderline blues or redish-blues.
Blue are mostly blue, but some a bit reddish.
Red is red, and the darker pinks.
Beyond's Flora Terms opens a glossary with descriptions of the different technical terms used in describing flowers, with the English name and the French name for each entry.
The Mediterranean heat in the South of France is also the source of the perfume industry (with the town of Grasse being the "perfume capital of the world". The indigenous plants concentrate their oils as a protection againt the heat, providing the highly-scented nectar that results in hundreds of perfumed products.
The trees are the most distinctive flora in this part of the world, and the umbrella pine is the most distinctive of all, with its outline so clearly resembling an open umbrella. The Aleppo pine, on limestone and the maritime pine, on acid soils, are both common along the coast and are typically Mediterranean.
A variety of oaks grow here, from the scrubby holm oak of the coast to the typical Pubescent oak of mid-altitudes and, so necessary for a wine-producing country, the cork oak. This last grows strictly on the cristaline formations such as the Esterel, Tanneron and the Massif des Maures.
The umbrella pine (photo) might be the most distinctive tree, but the olive tree is the most typical for this Mediterranean country side. Olives have been growing here for around 2500 years, and when you wander the hills, you'll cross long-abandoned stone terraces built and repaired by hand over many hundreds of years ago.