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All information gathered first-hand, since 1995




Because the ice-age glaciers did not reach the Mediterranean area, many plants failed to spread northward with the retreating ice as occurred throughout the rest of Europe. This has resulted in leaving many species unique to specific locations within this region.

The Mediterranean heat in the South of France is also the source of the perfume industry (with the town of Grasse being the "perfume capital of the world". The indigenous plants concentrate their oils as a protection againt the heat, providing the highly-scented nectar that results in hundreds of perfumed products.

Click on column heading (below) for sorting by column in English, French or Latin.

Flowers (English) Fleurs (French) Latin
Adenostyles Leucophylla Adénostyle à feuilles blanches Adenostyles leucophylla; Cacalia leucophylla
Alpina Anemone Anémone des Alpes Pulsatilla alpina, Anemone alpina
Peacock Anemone Anémone des jardins Anemone hortensis
Peacock Anemone Anémone écarlate Anenone pavonina
Aphyllanthes Aphyllanthe de Montpellier Aphyllanthes monspeliensis
Asphodel, Common Asphodèle Asphodelus aestivus
Aster Sedifolius Aster Sedifolius Aster sedifolius
Broom, Cytisus Villosus Cytise à trois fleurs Cytisus villosus
Broom, Spanish Genêt d'Espagne Spartium junceum
Broomrape Orobanche crénelée Orobanche crenata, Orobanche alba
Bulbocodium Vernum Bulbocodium Vernum Bulbocodium vernum
Cade, Prickly Juniper Genévrier Cade Juniperus oxycedrus
Large-Flowered Calamint Calament à grandes fleurs Calamintha grandiflora
Evergreen Candytuft Ibéris toujours vert Iberis sempervirens
Seven-Leaf Cardamine Cardamine à sept feuilles Cardamine heptaphylla
Dark Catchfly Silène brun-verdâtre Silene fuscata
Italian Catchfly Silène d'italie Silene italica
Lesser Celandine Ficaire Ficaria verna
Centaury, Common Petite centaurée commune Centaurium erythraea
Chardon Bleu des Alpes Chardon Bleu des Alpes Eryngium alpinum
Chicory Chicorée sauvge Cichorium intybus
Grey-Leaved Cistus Ciste cotonneux Cistus albidus
Narrow-Leaved Cistus Ciste de Montpellier Cistus monspeliensis
Sage-Leaved Cistus Ciste à feuilles de Sauge Cistus salvifolius
Clary Sauge Salvia sclarea
Star Clover Trèfle étoilé Trifolium stellatum
Alpine Colombine Ancolie des Alpes Aquilegia alpina
Hollow Corydale Corydale à bulbe creux Corydalis cava
Cowslip Primevère officinale Primula veris
Autumn Crocus Colchique d'automne Colchicum autumnale
Crocus, Nudiflorus Crocus nudiflorus Crocus nudiflorus
Crocus, Versicolor Crocus versicolor Crocus versicolor
Curry Plant Immortelle Helichrysum stoechas
Daphne Verlottii Daphne Verlottii Daphne verlottii
Dead Nettle Lamier du Mont Gargano Lamium garganicum
Euphrasia Minima Euphraise naine Euphrasia minima
Bracken Fern Fougère Pteridium aquilinum
Woodland Fern Fougère Polypodium cambricum; P. australe; P. vulgare
Fire Thorn Buisson ardent Pyracantha coccinea
Beautiful Flax Lin de Narbonne Linum narbonense
Fritillaris Fritillaire Fritillaria
Common Fumitory Fumeterre Officinale Fumaria officinalis
Ramping Fumitory Fumeterre Grimpante Fumaria capreolata
Spotted Gentian Gentiane ponctuée Gentiana punctata
Gentianella Ciliata Gentiane ciliée Gentianella ciliata
Cranes-Bill Bloody Geranium Géranium Sanguin Geranium sanguineum
Dovesfoot Geranium Géranium à feuilles molles Geranium molle
Herb Robert Geranium Herbe-à-Robert Geranium robertianum
Nodosum Geranium Géranium noueux Geranium nodosum
Purple Herb Roberts Geranium Géranium pourpre Geranium robertianum purpureum
Storksbill Geranium Bec-de-grue Erodium cicutarium
Wood Cranesbill Geranium Géranium des bois Geranium sylvaticum
Giant Reed Canne de Provence, Roseau-à-Quenouille Arundo donax
Field Gladiolus Glaîeul italicus Gladiolus italicus
Gorse Ajonc Ulex eropaeus
Spanish Gorse Genêt d'Espagne Genista hispanica
Purple Gromwell Grémil Bleu Pourpre Buglossoides purpurocaerulea
Harebell Campanule à feuilles rondes Campanula rotundifolia
Broad-leaved Harebell Campanule rhomboïdale Campanula rhomboidalis
Tree Heath Bruyère Arborescente Erica arborea
Honeysuckle Chèvrefeuille des Baléares Lonicera implexa
Etruscan Honeysuckle Chèvrefeuille d'Etrurie Lonicera etrusca
Grape Hyacinth Muscari à grappe Muscari neglectum
Tassel Hyacinth Muscari à Toupet Muscari comosum
Iris Lutescens Petit Iris Iris lutescens
Iris, Pallida Iris Pallida Iris pallida
Stinking Iris Iris gigot Iris foetidissima
Wild Jasmine Jasmin Jasminum fruticans
Kaki, Parsimmon Plaqueminier Diospyros kaki
Knapweed, Brown-Rayed Centaurée de montagne; Centaurée jacée Centaurea jacea
Lavatera, Thuringiaca Lavatera thuringiaca Lavatera thuringiaca
Tree Lavatera Lavatera olbia Lavatera olbia
Lavender Flowers Lavande Lavendula
French Lavender Lavande à toupet (Lavande Stéchade) Lavendula stoechas
True Lavender Lavendula angustifolia
Common Houseleek Joubarbe des toits Sempervivum tectorum
Lentisc, Mastic Lentisque; Pistachier lentisque Pistacia lentiscus
Leuzia Conifera Leuzia Leuzia conifera
Liverwort Hépatique à Trois Lobes Hepatica triloba; Hepatica nobilis
Sacred Lotus Lotus sacré; Lotus des Indes Nelumbo nucifera
Love-in-a-Mist Nigelle Nigella damascena
Lungwort Pulmonaire officinale Pulmonaria officinalis
Common Mallow Mauve Sylvestre Malva sylvestris (M. erecta, M. mauritiana)
Field Marigold Souci des champs Calendula arvensis
Nicean Milkwort Polygala Polygala de Nice Polygala nicaeensis
Myosotis Alpestris Myosotis des Alpes Myosotis alpestris
Bee Orchid Orchis abeille Ophrys apifera; Ophrys scolopax; ssp. apiformis
Sombre Bee Orchid Ophrys fusca Ophrys fusca
Burnt Orchid Orchis brûlé Orchis ustulata
Early Purple Orchid Orchis mâle Orchis mascula (Subspecies: olbiensis)
Elder-flowered Orchid orchis à odeur de sureau Dactylorhiza sambucina
Fuchs Orchid Orchis de Fuchs Dactylorhiza fuchsii
Giant Orchid Orchis Géant Barlia robertiana
Green-Winged Orchid Orchis bouffon Orchis morio
Heart-Flowered Orchid Sérapias à languette Serapias cordigera
Long-Spurred Orchid Orchis à long éperon Orchis longicornu
Pyramidal Orchid Orchis pyramidal Anacamptis pyramidalis
Pea - Lathyrus Setifolius Gesse Lathyrus setifolius
Common Peony Pivoine Paeonia officinalis
Peony, Mascula Pivoine mâle Paeonia mascula
Peregrina Peony Pivoine de montagne Paeonia peregrina
Greater Periwinkle Pervenche, Grande Vinca major
Lesser Periwinkle Pervenche, Petite Vinca minor
Ameria Pink Oeillet arméria Dianthus armeria
Clusterhead Pink Oeillet des Chartreux Dianthus carthusianorum
Peacock-Eye Pink Oeillet oeil de paon Dianthus pavonius
Woodland Pink Oeillet sauvage Dianthus sylvestris
Poppy Coquelicot Papaver rhoeas
Potentilla Hirta Potentille rampante Potentilla hirta; P. reptans
Primrose Primevère acaule Primula vulgaris
Grey Ragwort Séneçon blanchâtre Senecio incanus
Blue-Spiked Rampion Raiponce à feuilles de bétoine Phyteuma betonicifolium
Rubigenous Rhododendron Laurier rose des Alpes Rhododendron Ferrugineux
White Rockrose Hélianthème des Apennins Helianthemum apenninum
Dog Rose Rosier des Chiens Rosa canina
Sandwort Moehringie ciliée Moehringie ciliata
Meadow Saxifrage Saxifrage granulée; Casse-pierre Saxifraga granulata
Securigera Securidaca Securigera Securidaca Securigera securidaca
Self-Heal Brunelle commune Prunella vulgaris
Serratula Serratule Serratula cichoracea
Smoke Tree Fustet; Arbre à perruque Cotinus coggygria
Alpine Soldanella Soldanelle des Alpes Soldanella alpina
Grey Field Speedwell Véronique luisante Veronica polita
Cypress Spurge Euphorbe Euphorbia cyparissias
Large Mediterranean Spurge Euphorbia characias Euphorbia characias
Spiny Spurge Euphorbe Euphorbia spinosa; E. acanthothamnos
Sun Spurge Euphorbe Réveille-Matin Euphorbia helioscopia
Autumn Squill Scille autumnalis Scilla autumnalis
Hyacinthoides Squill Scille hyacinthoides Scilla hyacinthoides
Peruviana Squill Scille Scilla peruviana
Spring Squill Scille printanière Scilla verna
Star of Bethlehem Ornithogale en ombelle Ornithogalum umbellatum
Common Stork's-Bill Erodium Bec-de-grue Erodium cicutarium
Strawberry Tree Arbousier Arbutus unedo
Globe Thistle Oursin Bleu Echinops ritro
Scotch Thistle Pêt d'âne d'Illyrie Onopordum illyricum
Wild Australis Tulip Tulipa Australis Tulipa australis
Narrow-Leaved Valerian Valériane angustifolius Centranthus angustifolius
Red Valerian Centranthe rouge Centranthus ruber
Kidney Vetch Anthyllis vulnéraire Anthyllis vulneraria
Milk Vetch Astragale de Montpellier Astragalus monspessulanus
Dog Violet Violette des Chiens Viola canina
Shrubby Violet Violette ligneuse Viola arborescens
Sweet Violet Violette Odorante Viola odorata
Rose-Bay Willowherb Epilobium angustifolium Epilobium angustifolium
Woad Pastel des teinturiers Isatis tinctoria

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