Flora Terms French
Glossary Dictionary of Flora Botany Terms
the lateral petals in many orchids, pea flowers, etc.
the upper angle between a leaf and its stem, where a bud usually develops (from the Latin for armpit).
a single-seed dry fruit that does not split
the upper part of the stamen, attached to the filament, that produces pollen.
grow at the base of the plant.
a leaf (or leaf-like structure) growing on the floral axis, often just below the flower.
(adj) trees that shed their leaves annually at the end of the growth period or at maturity.
calcaire chalky, limestone
the outer whorl of floral leaves that form the protective covering of the flower bud.
(n) trees that reproduce by means of cones; generally evergreen, with slender prickly leaves (needles) or leaves with rounded points.
cyathe, cyme cyme
An inflorescence where the main axis and lateral branches are repeated and terminated by a flower. Branching can be regular and symmetrical or one-sides and asymmetrical.
having finger-like lobes, referring to leafs or bracts (the small leaf where the flower stalk joins the stem)
for ends of petals
a simple elongated inflorescence with the individual flowers unstalked. (see also inflorescence, raceme)
a second calyx outside the true calyx; the calyx appears to be made of two whorls, or one set of sepals outside the other set of sepals.
the male orgen of a flower, consisting of a stalk or filament, with the pollen-producing anther at the end.
An extremely stony, limestone ground of the Mediterranean where only the hardiest plants (such as thistle, kermes oak and gorse) can survive. [compare: maquis]
an elongated inflorescence with the individual flowers stalked, with the youngest growing at the tip. (see also inflorescence, spike)
A flower cluster on a plant, often at the top, on the same axis, above the leaves. The way in which flowers are arranged or develop on an axis. Very variable from one species to another. (see also spike, raceme)
narrowing to a point at each end, or narrowing to a point at the tip (like a spear-head or lance-head).
the three outer and often drooping segments of the flower of an iris
A scrub of thick, dense shrubs and small trees growing in the sandy soil of the Mediterranean region, including myrtles, heaths, arbutus (strawberry trees), rose laurel, ilex, cistus, Holm oak and cork oak. [compare: garrigue]
a flower cluster where the pedicels rise from the top of the main stem to form a flat or rounded cluster.
a loose, irregular flower cluster; a compound raceme
thistle-down; tufts of fine hairs on fruit and achenes
a short slender stalk holding a flower or fruit.
having leaflets on each side of the central stalk (rachis).
a thickened, horizontal underground stem that stores food-producing roots below and leafy shoots above.
schiste schist, shale
a pod-like fruit; not more than twice as long as broad, sometimes broader than long.
a large bract-like organ that envelops or partly envelops an inflorescence at the end.
the stalk that connects the stigma to the ovary.
grows in a clump or cluster