achene akène : a single-seed dry fruit that does not split
anther anthère : the upper part of the stamen, attached to the filament, that produces pollen.
axil aisselle : the upper angle between a leaf and its stem, where a bud usually develops (from the Latin for armpit).
basal basale : grow at the base of the plant.
bract bractée : a leaf (or leaf-like structure) growing on the floral axis, often just below the flower.
branched ramifiée :
calyx calice : the outer whorl of floral leaves that form the protective covering of the flower bud.
chalky, limestone calcaire
cluster touffe : grows in a clump or cluster
conifer conifère : (n) trees that reproduce by means of cones; generally evergreen, with slender prickly leaves (needles) or leaves with rounded points.
cyme cyathe, cyme : An inflorescence where the main axis and lateral branches are repeated and terminated by a flower. Branching can be regular and symmetrical or one-sides and asymmetrical.
deciduous caduque : (adj) trees that shed their leaves annually at the end of the growth period or at maturity.
digitate digité : having finger-like lobes, referring to leafs or bracts (the small leaf where the flower stalk joins the stem)
epicalyx épicalice : a second calyx outside the true calyx; the calyx appears to be made of two whorls, or one set of sepals outside the other set of sepals.
falls limbes : the three outer and often drooping segments of the flower of an iris
floret : the individual flowers that make a complete flower, or flowerhead
flowerhead : a flower that is made up of a tight group of separate flowers, or florets (as in daisies)
garrigue garrigue : An extremely stony, limestone ground of the Mediterranean where only the hardiest plants (such as thistle, kermes oak and gorse) can survive. [compare: maquis]
globose : spherical, globular shaped.
hairy duveteux : downy
inflorescence inflorescence : A flower cluster on a plant, often at the top, on the same axis, above the leaves. The way in which flowers are arranged or develop on an axis. Very variable from one species to another. (see also spike, raceme)
lanceolate lancéolé : narrowing to a point at each end, or narrowing to a point at the tip (like a spear-head or lance-head).
leaflet foliole :
maquis maquis : A scrub of thick, dense shrubs and small trees growing in the sandy soil of the Mediterranean region, including myrtles, heaths, arbutus (strawberry trees), rose laurel, ilex, cistus, Holm oak and cork oak. [compare: garrigue]
notched échancré : for ends of petals
palmate palmé : hand-like shape.
panicle panicule : a loose, irregular flower cluster; a compound raceme
pappus pappus : thistle-down; tufts of fine hairs on fruit and achenes
pedicel pédicelle : a short slender stalk holding a flower or fruit.
petiole pétiole : the leaf-stalk
pinnate pennée : having leaflets on each side of the central stalk (rachis).
raceme grappe : an elongated inflorescence with the individual flowers stalked, with the youngest growing at the tip. (see also inflorescence, spike)
racemose : bearing one or more racemes.
rachis : the central stalk which bears the leaflets of a compound leaf
rhizome rhizome : a thickened, horizontal underground stem that stores food-producing roots below and leafy shoots above.
schist, shale schiste
silicula silicule : a pod-like fruit; not more than twice as long as broad, sometimes broader than long.
spathe spathe : a large bract-like organ that envelops or partly envelops an inflorescence at the end.
spike épi : a simple elongated inflorescence with the individual flowers unstalked. (see also inflorescence, raceme)
stamen étamine : the male orgen of a flower, consisting of a stalk or filament, with the pollen-producing anther at the end.
style style : the stalk that connects the stigma to the ovary.
umbel ombelle : a flower cluster where the pedicels rise from the top of the main stem to form a flat or rounded cluster.
wing aile : the lateral petals in many orchids, pea flowers, etc.