Glossary Dictionary of Flora Botany Terms
a single-seed dry fruit that does not split
the upper part of the stamen, attached to the filament, that produces pollen.
the upper angle between a leaf and its stem, where a bud usually develops (from the Latin for armpit).
grow at the base of the plant.
a leaf (or leaf-like structure) growing on the floral axis, often just below the flower.
the outer whorl of floral leaves that form the protective covering of the flower bud.
chalky, limestone calcaire
grows in a clump or cluster
(n) trees that reproduce by means of cones; generally evergreen, with slender prickly leaves (needles) or leaves with rounded points.
cyme cyathe, cyme
An inflorescence where the main axis and lateral branches are repeated and terminated by a flower. Branching can be regular and symmetrical or one-sides and asymmetrical.
(adj) trees that shed their leaves annually at the end of the growth period or at maturity.
having finger-like lobes, referring to leafs or bracts (the small leaf where the flower stalk joins the stem)
a second calyx outside the true calyx; the calyx appears to be made of two whorls, or one set of sepals outside the other set of sepals.
the three outer and often drooping segments of the flower of an iris
the individual flowers that make a complete flower, or flowerhead
a flower that is made up of a tight group of separate flowers, or florets (as in daisies)
An extremely stony, limestone ground of the Mediterranean where only the hardiest plants (such as thistle, kermes oak and gorse) can survive. [compare: maquis]
spherical, globular shaped.
A flower cluster on a plant, often at the top, on the same axis, above the leaves. The way in which flowers are arranged or develop on an axis. Very variable from one species to another. (see also spike, raceme)
narrowing to a point at each end, or narrowing to a point at the tip (like a spear-head or lance-head).
A scrub of thick, dense shrubs and small trees growing in the sandy soil of the Mediterranean region, including myrtles, heaths, arbutus (strawberry trees), rose laurel, ilex, cistus, Holm oak and cork oak. [compare: garrigue]
for ends of petals
a loose, irregular flower cluster; a compound raceme
thistle-down; tufts of fine hairs on fruit and achenes
a short slender stalk holding a flower or fruit.
having leaflets on each side of the central stalk (rachis).
an elongated inflorescence with the individual flowers stalked, with the youngest growing at the tip. (see also inflorescence, spike)
bearing one or more racemes.
the central stalk which bears the leaflets of a compound leaf
a thickened, horizontal underground stem that stores food-producing roots below and leafy shoots above.
schist, shale schiste
a pod-like fruit; not more than twice as long as broad, sometimes broader than long.
a large bract-like organ that envelops or partly envelops an inflorescence at the end.
a simple elongated inflorescence with the individual flowers unstalked. (see also inflorescence, raceme)
the male orgen of a flower, consisting of a stalk or filament, with the pollen-producing anther at the end.
the stalk that connects the stigma to the ovary.
a flower cluster where the pedicels rise from the top of the main stem to form a flat or rounded cluster.
the lateral petals in many orchids, pea flowers, etc.