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All information gathered first-hand, since 1995

Flowers. Feb-Apr

Flower. Borne in a dense cylindrical spike. The fragrence similar to an iris. The sepals are a spreading redish-violet. The petals have an underlying greenish tint, and are (usually) spotted with bright pink or purple, forming a helmet.
The lip is violet-pink, sometimes with a greenish tint, about 15-20 mm long; spotted with with a purple center. There are two short arms, and a central lobe divided at the end into two short legs. A short 4-6 mm spur is downturned.

Bract. Lanceolate, longer than the flowers and suffused with a redish-brown or violet color.

Leaf. Plain green leaves are quite large, bluntly pointed. The upper leaves clasp the stem rather bract-like.

Habitat. Garrigue, maquis, open woodland, grassy places and roadsides. Our photos were taken in March at about 800m, north of Grasse, and they grow randomly in our grass at Grasse.