Antibes photo antibes025s.jpg (11 k) Antibes was a Greek fortified town named Antipolis in the 5th century BC, and later a Roman town, and always an active port for trading along the Mediterranean. Today it's an attractive and active town, popular with "foreigners" from Paris and the north of France, with non-French, and with the local population.

Also:  | 5-Star Hotels |

Nearby: | Biot 8 km | Cannes 10 km | Frejus 53 km | Grasse 21 km | Mougins 12 km | Nice 25 km | Opio 20 km | Valbonne 14 km | Vence 20 km |

Hotels near Antibes Juan-les-Pins: | Antibes | 8 km Biot | 10 km Cannes | 12 km Mougins | 14 km Valbonne | 20 km Opio | 20 km Vence |

Ancient fortified walls guarding the north The natural beauty remains in the vieille ville (old town), with the ramparts along the sea and the long, arched protective wall along the port. There are plenty of little streets for exploring, restaurants of all types and prices, and lots of shops, from authentic little hardware/general-stores to tourist gift shops.

Antibes is the proper name of this ancient town, but it's commonly referred to as Trompe l'Oeil wall mural at Juan Antibes - Juan-les-Pins. The Juan-les-Pins part is a seaside resort and night-life area of sandy beaches, boutiques, night clubs and casino. The two places are close together, a good walk or short drive over the hill of the narrow part of the peninsula, or a longer and lovely drive around the coastline of the Cap d'Antibes.

Plage de La Garoupe (La Garoupe Beach), on the Cap d'Antibes, used to be the favourite beach of Fitzgerald and Murphy. The Cap d'Antibes, marked by the lighthouse at the highest point, is a lush setting of some very large and very expensive estates, even by "French Riviera" standards. It also has the hotel of choice for some famous people, such as Madonna, who prefer to avoid the bright lights and bustle of the Croissette in Cannes during their short stays on the Côte d'Azur.

Port Vauban

Fishing boats at Port Vauban, Antibes The old port was the heart of "Antipolis" when the Greeks had a tenuous grip on the coast, the Ligurians were crowded around the outskirts, and galleons and galleys moored in the sheltered waters. Centuries later, and centuries ago, Crusaders left from here on their way to the Holy Lands. Today, the Port Vauban is the largest marina in Europe. The Large Yachts jetty (across the bottom of the photo, above), added just a few years ago, often has a row of some of the worlds largest yachts.

The Port Vauban, created in the early 1970's in its modern iteration, includes a guaranteed 99 places for professional fishermen. The fishing boats are located at the western edge of the port, closest to the arched gateway into the old town, and handy for the fresh-fish stands on the quai.

Napoléon Bonaparte

Napoléon Bonaparte moved to Antibes with his family in 1794, and was responsible for the defense of the coast. When Robespierre fell, Napoléon was imprisoned in the Fort Carré.

Fort Carré

The Fort Carré in Antibes The 16th-century Fort Carré is a massive, star-shaped fortress on a promontory overlooking the Port Vauban. The fort is built on the site of the Chapelle St. Laurent, which sat on the ruins of the Temple of Mercury. You can't visit the fort, but there's a nice walk around it.

Fort Carré history

- 1550: Construction of the Saint-Laurent tower

- 1565-1588: Four defensive walls were added.

- 1592: The Duc d'Eperon occupied the fort, sent there by Henri IV to retake the town that had been invaded the year before by the Duc de Savoie.

- 1746: The fort, occupied by the Austo-Sardes during Austria's war of succession, was besieged for 57 days .

- 1860: The fort lost its strategic role when Nice was attached to France, although it was maintained as a military fort until 1895.

- pre 1914-18: Military caserns were built.

- 1938: Classified as an historical monument.

- 1940-43: It was a transit camp for the concentration camps.

- 1967: The end of the use as a military casern.

- 1997: Purchased by the town of Antibes for use as a sports and youth center.

Markets

Marché Provençal (covered market):

Sept-May: Tue-Sun mornings; June-Aug: all mornings

At the Cours Massena, in front of the Mairie

Fresh fruit, vegetables, fish and flowers, along with other regional products

Artisanal - Marché Provençal (covered market):

Sun afternoons

Foire (clothing market):

Thursday

Rue Fontvieille, behind the post office

Brocante:

Thursday, Saturday; 8h-19h

Place Jacques Audiberti, between the Porte Marine and the Place Massena

History

Name

First record, 5th-c BC Antipolis (possibly meaning "opposite the point of Nice", across the Baie des Anges)

Celto-Ligurian: Antibes goes back about 3000 years, when Ligurian tribes used the little inlet of Saint-Roch as a natural port, protected from the east winds by two large rocks.

Gallo-Roman: A Greek Massaliote colony founded "Antipolis" (Antibes) and "Nikïa" (Nice) while expanding trade from "Massalia" (Marseille). They fortified "Antipolis" against the ancient Ligurians who had earlier been pushed off the coast and into the Alps.

About 154 BC, with the local tribes of Déciates and Oxybiens threatening Antipolis and Nikïa, the city of Marseille called in Roman protection. By the 2nd century, Rome had developed the region as a provence, giving the name Provence that is used today. In 43 BC, Antipolis was annexed by Rome. The town is full of Roman artifacts (walls, aqueducts, amphora, etc.) from the ancient town or the nearby sea bottom, and visible around the town or in the museums; details are available from the Office de Tourisme or the many guidebooks describing Antibes.

Medieval: In 476, when the Roman empire fell, the barbarians invested the region. Vandals, Visigoths, Burgundians, Ostrogoths and Franks all had their turn, with the theme being destruction. Medieval: Antibes was ruled by the Lords of Grasse, and later by the Bishops of Antibes. At the end of the 14th century, Antibes was on the Franco-Savoyard frontier, and in 1383, the Pope of Avignon "gave" Antibes to the Grimaldi family of Cagnes. In 1608, King Henri IV took Antibes into his kingdom.

Office de Tourisme

Tel : 04 92 90 53 00; Fax: 04 92 90 53 01

Web: www.antibes-juanlespins.com

Email: acceuil@antibes-juanlespins.com

Museum

Museums & Sites

Garden

Transportation Antibes Juan-les-Pins

Air

The international airport of Nice, 22 km to the east, is available by bus.

Train

Antibes is on the main Paris-Lyon-Avignon-Nice-Italy line, with local trains serving most of the coastal towns. Prices vary by day and season, but a typical Antibes-Nice round-trip cost around 42 F. [rail map]

Bus


Tours Antibes Juan-les-Pins

Boat

Sea Cruises

Sailboat with skipper.

Tel: 0493 420 845

also phone 06 07 61 33 88; leaves from Golfe-Juan Day Trips:10h-18h, 250 F/person Sunset Cruise: 19h-midnight, 350 F/person Fishing: 250 F/person

Fun - Amusement - Kids

AntibeLand-Marineland

Amusement

Karting

Mini Golf


Sports

Swimming Pools (Piscines)
Piscine Municipale
ave Jules Grec
Tel: (33) 492 90 53 50; Fax: (33) 492 90 53 51

Cycling

Diving

Swim

Hiking

Maps

IGN (1/25,000) #3643 ET "Cannes, Grasse, Côte d'Azur"

Didier Richard (1/50,000) #26 "Pay d'Azur"

• The Parc de Vaugrenier, 2 km up the coast (towards Nice) from the Port Vauban, has wide, hard-packed running and walking paths in the shade of its trees. There are fields for playing ball and plenty of spots for picnicking.

• The Parc de la Valmasque, about 3 km out to the northwest, past the autoroute, is much larger than the Parc de Vaugrenier. The marked running trails of 3-km and 6-km are narrower and irregular

• Latitude, Longitude: 43.23826, 6.30923

Lodging - Hotels