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Aguilar Castle


Gallery of 5 photos for Aguilar Castle

Aguilar is a 12th-century castle perched on a low hill in the Eastern Pyrenees 35 km northwest of Perpignan. It's a double-walled defensive castle, with enclosing wall and keep, surrounded by a second wall a bit lower on the hill, complete with round towers. It's a ruin but in very good condition.

Aerial view of Aguilar Castle showing Aguilar belonged to the Counts of Carcassonne in 1004. Towards the end of the 11th century it became the property of the seigneurs of Termes. When Olivier de Termes was ejected from his own Termes castle by the King in 1228, he made Aguilar his home, and built (or expanded) the Aguilar Castle.

In 1241 Aguilar became a Royal fortress. The outer defensive wall was added to Aguilar castle at the end of 13th century. The castle was very well fortified, but it sat on a hilltop that was relatively low (321 m) and accessible, and came under periodic attack over the following centuries.

France, Aragon, Spain Frontier Fortresses. During the 13th and 14th centuries, the castles of Quéribus, Peyrepertuse, Puilaurens and Aguilar were situated along the border between the Kingdom of France and the Kingdom of Aragon (later Spain), and all were built up and maintained as royal fortresses.

Following the Treaty of the Pyrenees in the 16th century, there was no longer a strategic border to protect, and the Aguilar castle was abandoned in 1569. It has been listed as an historical monument since 1949.

Visiting Aguilar Castle

A Google-map view of the The small village of Tuscan is located 35 km northwest of Perpignan. Go east from Tuscan on the D611 for 900 m. A very small road goes off to the right, seemingly into the fields and vineyards. It's marked for the castle, but not very well. Follow that little road for 2.2 km, paying attention to the small signs for the castle. The road is very narrow, but with pretty good visibility.

The small road approaches the castle from the west, but circles around the north side to a parking area at the northeast. From there, it's only a 200 m walk up to the castle.

Practical.
Cost: free. There's no entry fee, and no entry controls. You're on your own to explore and enjoy the site.

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