Camargue photo camargue77s.jpg (3 k) The Camargue is like its own little country. Once you're a few minutes south of Arles, you enter the atmosphere of the area, with its series of long, level roads criss-crossing the marshes and farmlands.

Also:  | Flamingos | Aix Martigue Itinerary | Aix St-Remy Itinerary |

Nearby: | Aigues-Mortes 10 km | Alpilles | Arles 5 km | Marseille 40 km | Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer 0 km |

Eagles, hawks and harriers soar in the blue skies and muskrats swim along the little canals, often making unsuccessful attempts to cross the roads. Black bulls and white horses graze in the fields, and lines of horseback riders file into the brush to observe the nature first-hand. Cyclists peddle against the winds, along the roads or off on lanes forbidden to motor vehicles.

No jungles or conical hats here, but rice paddies abound, along with grain fields, orchards and even a few vineyards. Salt plains cover the southeastern corner, where the Grand Rhône flows into the sea by Salin-de-Giraud, and the center, surrounding the Etang de Vaccarès, is a huge zoological and botanical nature reserve teaming with wildlife.

Nature Reserve

site photo site photo The Camargue was designated as a botanical and zoological nature reserve in 1927 and 1970, helping to maintain its natural beauty. Spring and Autumn are the best times for seeing the birds, the bulls and the horses of Camargue. Bring a bird book, binoculars and camera ... and some mosquito repellent.

Cultivated Camargue

The upper Camargue has been cultivated since the Middle Ages. The alluvium soil in the Rhône delta is excellent for crops, but must be prepared and maintained. The land had to be drained, and needs to be protected by low dikes. Salt content, which increases during summer evaporation, is reduced by washing down the soil.

Rice cultivation is done on 3-ha plots that are submerged from April to September, and harvested during September and October. Over 30,000 ha (120 square miles) of rice was grown in the early sixties, down to 10,000 ha today. Other crops include large fields of wheat, maize, rape and forage, intermixed with orchards, market gardens and even an occasional vineyard.

Salt Marshes

The southeast corner of the Camargue, near Salin-de-Giraud and the Grand Rhône are the salt marshes ("salins") of Salin de Giraud. Another salt marsh, the Salins du Midi, is located in the southwest corner, west of the Petit Rhône. In the salt marshes you'll see long lines of salt "mountains" drying in the Provencal sun, and the checkerboard salt-pans.

Salt production in the Camargue began in Antiquity, by both the Greeks and the Romans, and continued through the Middle ages. Salt was transported along the Mediterranean coast and then inland on the "Routes du Sel" (Salt Roads), up through the Vaucluse (see Fort de Buoux) or the mountains of the Alpes-Maritime across the Col de Tende (map) into Piedmont (see Escarène).

From March to September, seawater is pumped about 30 km across salt tables, to form a saturated solution of sodium chloride. The solution is then directed into 9-ha crystalising pans, about 12-cm deep. The solution evaporates all Winter and into the Summer. From the end of August until October, the salt crystals

Guided Visits

Horseback Tours

There are many locations offering guided tours of the Camargue on the white Camargue horses. The tours leave frequently, flexible to the flow of tourists. Stop at any of the places, clearly marked and mostly along the southern half of the D570 between Arles and Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer.

Jeep Safaris


Parks and Museums

Parc Ornithologique de Pont de Grau

This fabulous ornithological park is located beside the D570 road near Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer. There are 9 ha (20 acres) of marshlands, set amidst the greater nature reserve, with the birds of Camargue in the wild and in large cages. Most of the birds of Camargue, both resident and migratory, can be seen here close-to-hand. The central area of the park has birds of prey, with many different owls, eagles, hawks, harriers, buzzards and vultures. Marsh birds and sea birds are here, with geese, swans, ducks, egrets, storks and herons. And of course the icon of the Camargue, the pink flamingo.

Long paths circle out through the marshes away from the center, where you see nature as it should be. Birds wading and fishing and flying. Fish jumping half out of the water and muskrats swimming along the edges or crossing the paths in front of you.

A reception area has a permanent display of the ecology of the region, and benches behind large windows where you can observe during inclement weather.

Musée Camarguais

The Camargue Museum is located in the old "bergerie" Mas at Pont de Rousty, on the D570 in the northern part of the park. The long sheep-barn houses a geological and historical presentation of the Camargue, beginning with the formation of the Rhône delta 7,000 years ago, and continuing through the Antiquity and the Middle Ages. The Camarguais Museum reopened in Nov 2013 after being closed a year for renovation.

Tour du Valat

A research and study center for the conservation of Mediterranean wetlands. This is a private, non-profit organization, located on a 2400-ha domain on the eastern side of the Camargue. The central part of the domain is a 1100-ha Voluntary Natural Reserve, the largest in France. About 30 researchers work full time, and French and foreign students participate in the programs.

Réserve Nationale de Camargue

Centre d'Information Nature - Nature information about the Camargue; exposition halls; initiation hikes about the Camargue (1.5 km, 3 observation posts).


Tours Camargue


Camargue Découverte

4x4 (Jeep) tours of the Camargue, departing from Arles, Aigues-Mortes, Le Grau-du-Roi, Port Camargue or La Grande Motte. All year, by reservation.

Location: 24, rue Porte de Laure; 13200 Arles


Decouvertes de la Camargue en 4x4

Nature et Decouvertes de la Camargue en 4x4 (Jeep)

Location: Mas d'Icard - Route d'Aigues-Mortes; 13460 Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer

Entry: From € 35 for 2 hours, in personalized groups, with route adapted to your needs.

Tel: 0612 446 474, or 0490 909 539



Speaks French, English, Spanish

Le Gitan Safari Photo du Delta

4x4 (Jeep) safari tours of the Camargue, departing from Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer.

Location: 17, Avenue de la République; 13 460 Les Saintes Maries de la Mer

Open: All year, every day

Tel: 0490 978 933, or 0676 769 793; Fax: 04 90 96 31 55



Safari 4x4 Gallon

4x4 (Jeep) tours of the Camargue, departing from Arles or Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer.

Also horseback tours, ferrades, and farmhouse dining.

Location: Mazet de la Montlong - Villeneuve; 13 200 Arles

Entry: Safari 4x4 per person: 1h30 €20, 2h30 €33, 3h30 €48 (2012)

Tel: 0490 936 031; Fax: 04 90 96 31 55



Fun - Amusement - Kids




Renting bicycles is a good idea, partly because many areas of the Camargue are off-limits to motorized traffic. With an altitude that varies across the entire Camargue from 0.0 to 2.0 meters, hills are definitely not a problem.

Cycle Tours.Some typical cycling tours, starting in Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer, are:

"La Gacholle", 20 km, 4 hrs

"Petite Camargue", 20 km, 4 hrs

"Grand Radeau", 35 km, 4 hrs

"Méjanes", 36 km, 6 hrs

"Tour du Vaccarès, 70 km, 9 hrs

Cycle Rentals

There are several bicycle rental (Location Velo) shops in Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer



IGN (1/50,000) "Parc Naturel Régional de Camargue"

The Camargue is an immense, flat area of seashore, marshlands and fields, and getting from one part to another on foot is not easy. Except for walks along the seashore or in a specific area, some form of transportation is recommended.

Reader's Comments

Comments contributed by These comments were contributed by Marcia D., San Francisco, Nov 1998:

Right beside the park headquarters for the Camargue at Pont-de-Gau is a fabulous place, and if memory serves, it's name is Hostellerie Pont de Gau. They serve Camarguais specialties, in huge quantities and at affordable prices. Their soup, Veloute de Sole, was so good that we actually planned an entire week's vacation around it! On Sundays, the local ranchers come in and take over huge tables for family dinners. Four generations will be at table, and the wine flows freely. If you are lucky, someone will ask you to join them in some wine, but beware! In our experience, they spoke a heavy Provencal dialect which we could barely understand. But then, my French is so poor they could probably barely understand me, too. They also have rooms available at very modest prices -- $20-$30/night.

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