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All information gathered first-hand, since 1995

Because the ice-age glaciers did not reach the Mediterranean area, many plants failed to spread northward with the retreating ice as occurred throughout the rest of Europe. This has resulted in leaving many species unique to specific locations within this region.

The Mediterranean heat in the South of France is also the source of the perfume industry (with the town of Grasse being the "perfume capital of the world". The indigenous plants concentrate their oils as a protection againt the heat, providing the highly-scented nectar that results in hundreds of perfumed products.

Click on column heading (below) for sorting by column in English, French or Latin.

    Flowers (English) Fleurs (French) Latin
colordot   Adenostyles Leucophylla Adénostyle à feuilles blanches Adenostyles leucophylla; Cacalia leucophylla
colordot   Anemone Alpina Anémone des Alpes Pulsatilla alpina, Anemone alpina
colordot   Anemone Hortensis Anémone des jardins Anemone hortensis
colordot   Anemone, Peacock Anémone écarlate Anenone pavonina
colordot   Aphyllanthes Aphyllanthe de Montpellier Aphyllanthes monspeliensis
colordot   Asphodel, Common Asphodèle Asphodelus aestivus
colordot   Aster Sedifolius Aster Sedifolius Aster sedifolius
colordot   Broom, Cytisus Villosus Cytise à trois fleurs Cytisus villosus
colordot   Broom, Spanish Genêt d'Espagne Spartium junceum
colordot   Broomrape Orobanche crénelée Orobanche crenata, Orobanche alba
colordot   Bulbocodium Vernum Bulbocodium Vernum Bulbocodium vernum
colordot   Cade, Prickly Juniper Genévrier Cade Juniperus oxycedrus
colordot   Calamint Large-Flowered Calament à grandes fleurs Calamintha grandiflora
colordot   Candytuft Evergreen Ibéris toujours vert Iberis sempervirens
colordot   Cardamine Seven-Leaf Cardamine à sept feuilles Cardamine heptaphylla
colordot   Catchfly Dark Silène brun-verdâtre Silene fuscata
colordot   Catchfly Italian Silène d'italie Silene italica
colordot   Celandine Lesser Ficaire Ficaria verna
colordot   Centaury, Common Petite centaurée commune Centaurium erythraea
colordot   Chardon Bleu des Alpes Chardon Bleu des Alpes Eryngium alpinum
colordot   Chicory Chicorée sauvge Cichorium intybus
colordot   Cistus, Grey-Leaved Ciste cotonneux Cistus albidus
colordot   Cistus, Narrow-Leaved Ciste de Montpellier Cistus monspeliensis
colordot   Cistus, Sage-Leaved Ciste à feuilles de Sauge Cistus salvifolius
colordot   Clary Sauge Salvia sclarea
colordot   Clover, Star Trèfle étoilé Trifolium stellatum
colordot   Colombine, Alpine Ancolie des Alpes Aquilegia alpina
colordot   Corydale, Hollow Corydale à bulbe creux Corydalis cava
colordot   Cowslip Primevère officinale Primula veris
colordot   Crocus, Autumn Colchique d'automne Colchicum autumnale
colordot   Crocus, Nudiflorus Crocus nudiflorus Crocus nudiflorus
colordot   Crocus, Versicolor Crocus versicolor Crocus versicolor
colordot   Curry Plant Immortelle Helichrysum stoechas
colordot   Daphne Verlottii Daphne Verlottii Daphne verlottii
colordot   Euphrasia Minima Euphraise naine Euphrasia minima
colordot   Fern Fougère Pteridium aquilinum
colordot   Fern, Woodland Fougère Polypodium cambricum; P. australe; P. vulgare
colordot   Fire Thorn Buisson ardent Pyracantha coccinea
colordot   Flax, Beautiful Lin de Narbonne Linum narbonense
colordot   Fritillaris Fritillaire Fritillaria
colordot   Fumitory, Ramping Fumeterre Grimpante Fumaria capreolata
colordot   Gentian, Spotted Gentiane ponctuée Gentiana punctata
colordot   Gentianella Ciliata Gentiane ciliée Gentianella ciliata
colordot   Geranium, Crane's Bill Géranium Sanguin Geranium sanguineum
colordot   Geranium, Herb Robert Herbe-à-Robert Geranium robertianum
colordot   Geranium, nodosum Géranium noueux Geranium nodosum
colordot   Giant Reed Canne de Provence, Roseau-à-Quenouille Arundo donax
colordot   Gladiolus, Field Glaîeul italicus Gladiolus italicus
colordot   Gorse Ajonc Ulex eropaeus
colordot   Gorse, Spanish Genêt d'Espagne Genista hispanica
colordot   Gromwell, Purple Grémil Bleu Pourpre Buglossoides purpurocaerulea
colordot   Harebell Campanule à feuilles rondes Campanula rotundifolia
colordot   Harebell, Broad-leaved Campanule rhomboïdale Campanula rhomboidalis
colordot   Heath Tree Bruyère Arborescente Erica arborea
colordot   Honeysuckle Chèvrefeuille des Baléares Lonicera implexa
colordot   Honeysuckle, Etruscan Chèvrefeuille d'Etrurie Lonicera etrusca
colordot   Houseleek, Common Joubarbe des toits Sempervivum tectorum
colordot   Hyacinth, Grape Muscari à grappe Muscari neglectum
colordot   Hyacinth, Tassel Muscari à Toupet Muscari comosum
colordot   Iris, Lutescens Petit Iris Iris lutescens
colordot   Iris, Pallida Iris Pallida Iris pallida
colordot   Iris, Stinking Iris gigot Iris foetidissima
colordot   Jasmine, Wild Jasmin Jasminum fruticans
colordot   Kaki, Parsimmon Plaqueminier Diospyros kaki
colordot   Knapweed, Brown-Rayed Centaurée de montagne; Centaurée jacée Centaurea jacea
colordot   Lavatera, Thuringiaca Lavatera thuringiaca Lavatera thuringiaca
colordot   Lavatera, Tree Lavatera olbia Lavatera olbia
colordot   Lavender Flowers Lavande Lavendula
colordot   Lavender, French Lavande à toupet (Lavande Stéchade) Lavendula stoechas
colordot   Lavender, True Lavendula angustifolia
colordot   Lentisc, Mastic Lentisque; Pistachier lentisque Pistacia lentiscus
colordot   Leuzia Conifera Leuzia Leuzia conifera
colordot   Liverwort Hépatique à Trois Lobes Hepatica triloba; Hepatica nobilis
colordot   Lotus, Sacred Lotus sacré; Lotus des Indes Nelumbo nucifera
colordot   Love-in-a-Mist Nigelle Nigella damascena
colordot   Lungwort Pulmonaire officinale Pulmonaria officinalis
colordot   Mallow, Common Mauve Sylvestre Malva sylvestris (M. erecta, M. mauritiana)
colordot   Milkwort, Nicean Polygala Polygala de Nice Polygala nicaeensis
colordot   Myosotis Alpestris Myosotis des Alpes Myosotis alpestris
colordot   Nettle, Large Red Lamier du Mont Gargano Lamium garganicum
colordot   Orchid, Bee Orchis abeille Ophrys apifera; Ophrys scolopax; ssp. apiformis
colordot   Orchid, Burnt Orchis brûlé Orchis ustulata
colordot   Orchid, Early Purple Orchis mâle Orchis mascula (Subspecies: olbiensis)
colordot   Orchid, Elder-flowered orchis à odeur de sureau Dactylorhiza sambucina
colordot   Orchid, Fuchs Orchis de Fuchs Dactylorhiza fuchsii
colordot   Orchid, Giant Orchis Géant Barlia robertiana
colordot   Orchid, Green-Winged Orchis bouffon Orchis morio
colordot   Orchid, Heart-Flowered Sérapias à languette Serapias cordigera
colordot   Orchid, Long-Spurred Orchis à long éperon Orchis longicornu
colordot   Orchid, Pyramidal Orchis pyramidal Anacamptis pyramidalis
colordot   Pea - Lathyrus Setifolius Gesse Lathyrus setifolius
colordot   Peony, Common Pivoine Paeonia officinalis
colordot   Peony, Mascula Pivoine mâle Paeonia mascula
colordot   Peony, Peregrina Pivoine de montagne Paeonia peregrina
colordot   Periwinkle, Greater Pervenche, Grande Vinca major
colordot   Periwinkle, Lesser Pervenche, Petite Vinca minor
colordot   Pink, Ameria Oeillet arméria Dianthus armeria
colordot   Pink, Clusterhead Oeillet des Chartreux Dianthus carthusianorum
colordot   Pink, Peacock-Eye Oeillet oeil de paon Dianthus pavonius
colordot   Pink, Woodland Oeillet sauvage Dianthus sylvestris
colordot   Poppy Coquelicot Papaver rhoeas
colordot   Potentilla Hirta Potentille rampante Potentilla hirta; P. reptans
colordot   Primrose Primevère acaule Primula vulgaris
colordot   Ragwort, Grey Séneçon blanchâtre Senecio incanus
colordot   Rampion, Blue-Spiked Raiponce à feuilles de bétoine Phyteuma betonicifolium
colordot   Rhododendron Rubigenous Laurier rose des Alpes Rhododendron Ferrugineux
colordot   Rockrose, White Hélianthème des Apennins Helianthemum apenninum
colordot   Rose, Dog Rosier des Chiens Rosa canina
colordot   Sandwort Moehringie ciliée Moehringie ciliata
colordot   Saxifrage, Meadow Saxifrage granulée; Casse-pierre Saxifraga granulata
colordot   Securigera Securidaca Securigera Securidaca Securigera securidaca
colordot   Self-Heal Brunelle commune Prunella vulgaris
colordot   Serratula Serratule Serratula cichoracea
colordot   Smoke Tree Fustet; Arbre à perruque Cotinus coggygria
colordot   Soldanella Alpina Soldanelle des Alpes Soldanella alpina
colordot   Speedwell, Grey Field Véronique luisante Veronica polita
colordot   Spurge, Cypress Euphorbe Euphorbia cyparissias
colordot   Spurge, Mediterranean Euphorbia characias Euphorbia characias
colordot   Spurge, Spiny Euphorbe Euphorbia spinosa; E. acanthothamnos
colordot   Spurge, Sun Euphorbe Réveille-Matin Euphorbia helioscopia
colordot   Squill, Autumn Scille autumnalis Scilla autumnalis
colordot   Squill, Hyacinthoides Scille hyacinthoides Scilla hyacinthoides
colordot   Squill, Peruviana Scille Scilla peruviana
colordot   Squill, Spring Scille printanière Scilla verna
colordot   Star of Bethlehem Ornithogale en ombelle Ornithogalum umbellatum
colordot   Stork's-Bill, Common Erodium Bec-de-grue Erodium cicutarium
colordot   Strawberry Tree Arbousier Arbutus unedo
colordot   Thistle, Globe Oursin Bleu Echinops ritro
colordot   Thistle, Scotch Pêt d'âne d'Illyrie Onopordum illyricum
colordot   Tulip Australis Wild Tulipa Australis Tulipa australis
colordot   Valerian, Narrow-Leaved Valériane angustifolius Centranthus angustifolius
colordot   Valerian, Red Centranthe rouge Centranthus ruber
colordot   Vetch, Kidney Anthyllis vulnéraire Anthyllis vulneraria
colordot   Vetch, Milk Astragale de Montpellier Astragalus monspessulanus
colordot   Violet, Dog Violette des Chiens Viola canina
colordot   Violet, Shrubby Violette arborescens Viola arborescens
colordot   Violet, Sweet Violette Odorante Viola odorata
colordot   Willowherb, Rose-Bay Epilobium angustifolium Epilobium angustifolium
colordot   Woad Pastel des teinturiers Isatis tinctoria