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All information gathered first-hand, since 1995


broad and conical, developing a distinctive flat-topped appearance with wide-spread branches.


smooth and dark gray; cracked and scaled with age. The base of the trunk is often buttressed.

Leaves. 2-3 mm, dark green, growing in tufts of 10-20 short spurs.


Female cones are 7-12 cm, barrel-shaped with a hollow tip.